Research believes that an optical illusion prevented the ship from receiving help
Also, British historian Tim Maltin believed that the atmosphere on that night was responsible for the conditions that made it so difficult for the crew to see the icebergs, but also for the other ships to see the Titanic.
In fact, Smithsonian magazine declared back in 2012 that “atmospheric conditions during that night were ripe for super refraction. This amazing bending of light is at fault for causing miraging, which was recorded by many other ships in the area.”
This might be what prevented the Titanic’s lookouts from seeing the iceberg at the proper time and doing something.
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